The civil services is one of the most lengthy, comprehensive and competitive exams in India with a very low success rate. It is year long process consisting of three stages, Preliminary, the mains examination and the interview. Therefore, it requires a comprehensive set of qualities which are pre-requisites for cracking the exam.
The Candidates have a few qualities in self for cracking the exam like Good Intelligence quotient (IQ), Good scoring potential, Good reading skills, Good writing skills, Good analytical skills, Focus and determination, Good Emotional Intelligence (EQ).
A Good IQ is the ability to understand concepts and techniques, a good EQ is the ability to understand people and their emotions. Both these qualities are needed to make a good civil servant.
To be a civil servant average IQ is enough, provided we compensate for this hard work, smart and reading and writing skills.
One needs to have good scoring potential to succeed in the civil services examination. Usually the marks obtained in board exams are quite an indicator of a person’s IQ.
The key to success
Many people say that success in life is not solely depends on hard work. It is a mixture of talent, density and luck. Some people feel that persons like Einstein or Tendulkar are born like that, with immense god gifted talent. Some other feels that it is all pre decided whatever has to happen will happen all the above statements can be true for particular individual so success depends on many factors.
- Hard work
- Marketing/self promotion
- All the above
Once you have decided to start the preparation for civil services, you must focus on the examination and forget everything else like Arjuna in Mahabharata, who saw only the eye of the bird that is target though The Tree, the leaves, the branches the sky everything was there. Similarly we have to cut ourselves from all the possible distraction during the preparation. Focus only on the exam.
One more myth or fear students have I about English many hesitate or in fear of speaking English, There is no need to try to master the English language but certainly make efforts to improve your grammar, expressions and handwriting. This can easily be done with some extra efforts.
MPPSC Pre & Mains: Books/Sources
|Art and culture (कला एवं संस्कृति)||Nitin Singhania|
|Environment & Ecology (पर्यावरण एवं पारिस्थितिकी)||NCERT|
|Essay Writing (निबंध द्रष्टि)||निबंध मंजूषा|
|The Indian National Movement (भारत का राष्ट्रीय आंदोलन)||Bipin Chandra, NCERT|
|Ancient Medieval and Modern History of India (भारत का प्राचीन मध्यकालीन तथा आधुनिक इतिहास)||SK Pandey, NCERT|
|General Science (सामान्य विज्ञान)||Lucent, NCERT|
|World History (विश्व का इतिहास)||Dinanath Verma, NCERT|
|Indian Polity (भारतीय राज व्यवस्था)||M. Laxmikanth, NCERT|
|Introduction to the Constitution of India (भारत का संविधान)||Brij Kishore Sharma, NCERT|
|World and Geography of India (भारत व विश्व का भूगोल)||Mahesh Barnwal, NCERT|
|Indian Economy (भारतीय अर्थव्यवस्था)||S. N. Lal, NCERT|
|International Relations (अंतराष्ट्रीय सम्बन्ध)||Tapan Biswal|
|Current Events (समसामयिक घटनाक्रम)||Pratiyogita Darpan|
This is an essential requirement to crack any exam, first you need set a goal thus goal setting is the first step to time management. A mppsc aspirant have to set short term goals you can set weekly targets, Daily targets that should be complete in hours like 10, 12 or 14 hours a day. When I was preparing for MPPSC mains I forget all other things, forget the family, postponed spiritual and material quests and focused only on the preparation.
Worried about how much time to give for preparation? MPPSC mains is tough examination to crack. whoever told you that this will easy was lying, it’s difficult but not impossible to crack. How much time to give for daily studying solely depends on an individual. It does not depend on the time but rather on the concentration level that you will be putting. Most students who have higher IQ might have to give just 6 hours of daily studying and they can still retain most of the stuff, where is some students have to do extraordinarily hard work.
Don’t go by the time that your friends are giving to Daily preparation, try to utilize the time that you are spending on the study, like Arjun whose eyes were on the target you should also study in the same manner. Just see how much time it requires you to fulfill your daily target and then you can calculate how much time you need to dedicate for your studies.
Practice answer writing
Answer writing is an important aspect of MPPSC civil services exam. While prelims is only the qualifying exam which separates the grain from the chaff means serious candidates from non serious candidates, it’s marks are not added for creating the merit list.
Main exam is worth 1575 marks spanning over 6 papers four papers of GS, 1 paper of Hindi and 1 paper of essay. The content of the answer is more important than its length.
Answer writing also helps in organizing and prioritizing your thought process you learn to put forward what exactly is asked and not what you know. Last but not least writing has in the internalizing information and in better retention than only reading.
So, for the process part, one should begin by writing answers of previous year question papers in addition to give you adequate answer practice they should help you in understanding the exam pattern and the demand of the exam very well. After finishing with previous years papers one should start taking mock test and get them evaluated.
1. Immediately after prelims- write four to five questions for day start taking weekly topical mock test
2. 2 months before mains start taking full length test
3. A week before mains take three or four full length test at the same time when the mains exam is conducted just to simulate exam conditions.
Role of Handwriting
Handwriting is important but not the most important factor. You may or may not get extra marks if you have very good handwriting. but you are sure to lose out, if your handwriting is illegible.
Your handwriting should be readable for this you can do this-
1. Increase the font of your writing generally bigger the font, easier it is to read.
2. Give adequate spacing between lines
3. Start each paragraph from the middle of the page this will give a good appearance to your answer
4. Underline the keywords this is very essential especially if you have a clumsy handwriting there are
chances that the evaluator may miss out on this.
4. Use subheadings to divide your answers.
After my mains exam i starts preparation for interview this time i was confident i will clear mains as well as interview. I think best way to prepare for mppsc interview is know yourself, explore yourself, prepare question answers which are likely to be asked in interview, but do not prepare answers which are not true, don’t fool interviewer, don’t lie in interview board, you can prepare for interview in just 20 days (if you faced interview previously ) before interview give at least 5 mock interview. You can join Sharma Academy’s Mock Interview sessions for preparation.
How to Prepare for MPPSC Exam?
Here, I am telling you the overall strategy to crack the MPPSC State Service Examination in the First attempt. The first attempt of the candidate is very pivotal and considered to be the very important or golden attempt as the students are intense for their study in first attempt and mind is in the state of calm.
As the MPPSC syllabus is vast so it need at least one complete year planning for any fresher student who is preparing for MPPSC and want to crack it in first attempt.
There are 3 phases of exam as we discussesd above we need to understand the importance of each phase of the exam:
- Preliminary Exam (to test a broad range of knowledge)
- Mains Exam (to test the depth of your knowledge and the action of putting into words an idea or feeling.)
- Personality test (to test clarity in your thoughts, judgement, and nobility in your personality).
How to Prepare for MPPSC 2019 Prelims Examination?
As MPPSC is approaching on footsteps of UPSC in asking questions from diverse fields, the strategy for Prelims should be a blend of Hard work and Smart work as it is the stage of pure elimination.
Before the start of the Prelims preparation, we need to go through all the Previous Year Question Papers to understand the coverage and current trends of the questions asked. We need to cover all the important events of past 10-12 months as Current Affairs playing a decisive role nowadays.Here is the analysis and sources to be followed for Prelims Paper:
Prelims Paper 1:GENERAL STUDIES (No. of Questions: 100) (No negative marking);
There are some Core areas from where questions are asked in Mains Examination also and some are Peripheral topics which are asked in Prelims only.
Core/Static Subjects:Integrated preparation with Mains perspective is needed.
- Science and Technology
- Environmental Issues
- Art and Culture
- Madhya Pradesh static part
- Basic Computer Knowledge: Lucent Computer Book.
- Sports-related GK: Ghatna Chakra, Pratiyogita Darpan.
- 3 Legislations: Bare Act, Mahaveer or Punekar Publication.
- Miscellany (Longest, Highest, First, Last etc.): Last Chapter of Lucent GK Book.
- Current Affairs, Persons in News etc: Current Magazine or Google it.
Prelims Paper 2: CSAT, No. of Questions: 100 (No negative marking);
This Paper is Qualifying nature only and it consists of Logical Reasoning, Quantitative Aptitude and questions from Hindi and English. Although no separate time needed to be devoted one should practice at least 2-3 Previous Year question papers to get a flavour of it.Important InstructionsApart from all this give at least 45 days for Prelims exclusively for revising the syllabus and solving as many Practice tests as possible within the time limits. For practising MCQs, you can choose Online or Offline in any mode. It is advisable to solve MCQs online to save the time of Answer checking and getting a comparative analysis of your performance.
- Read the whole syllabus atleast one time compltely, and revise it twice.
- Prepare your own notes don’t relay on others notes, your thoughts are easy to understand for your self.
- Make a daily routine from morning till sleep and follow that, schedule sholuld be flexible and give spae to your self also as with study. Watch movie, enjoy with friends, go for a walk after dinner, you can do pranayam for relex, keep your mind cool and then study you will definetaly get success in exam.
- Do practice for answer writing for mains, increase your speed, make handwriting try to write clear and readable easily.
MPPSC SYLLABUS FOR PRELIMS
PAPER 1 -GENERAL STUDIES
- General Science and Environment
- Current Events of National and International Importance
- History of India and Independent India
- Geography of India
- Indian Polity and Economy
- Geography, History and Culture of MP
- Polity and Economy of Madhya Pradesh
- Information and Communication Technology
- Schedule Caste and Schedule Tribe and Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1993.
PAPER 2 -APTITUDE
- Interpersonal skill including communication skill
- Logical reasoning and analytical ability
- Decision making and problem solving
- General Mental Ability, Basic Numeracy, Data Interpretation
- Hindi Language Comprehension Skill (class 10th level)
MPPSC SYLLABUS FOR MAINS
PAPER 1 -GENERAL STUDIES – (I)
1. HISTORY AND CULTURE
- 1.1 World History, Renaissance, Revolution of England, French Revolution, Industrial Revolution, Russian Revolution, World War 1 and 11
- 1.2 Indian History – Political, Economical and Social history of India from Harappa civilization to 10th Century A.D.
- 1.3 Moguls and their administration, emergence of composite culture, Political, Economical and Social history of Central India from 1 lth to 18th Century A.D.
- 1.4 Impact of British Rule on Indian economy and society, Indian response to British Rule : Peasant and tribal revolts, The First Struggle of Independence.
- 1.5 Indian ‘Renaissance: The Freedom, National Movement and its leaders (with special reference to M.P.).
- 1.6 Emergence of India as a Republic, Reorganization of States, Formation of M.P., Major events of the post independence period.
- 1.7 Indian Culture, Heritage with special reference to M.P. : Salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature, Festivals and Architecture from ancient to modern times. World Heritage sites in India, Tourism in Madhya Pradesh.
- 2.1 Salient features of physical geography of India and the world,
- 2.2 Distribution of key natural resources, Agro climatic zones and Industries in M.P.
- 2.3 Demography of India and M.P., Tribes of Madhya Pradesh with particular reference to vulnerable tribes.
- 2.4 Agro ecolow and its relevance to man, sustainable management and conservation. Major crops of the state, holdings and cropping patterns, physical and social environment of crop distribution and production. Issues and challenges related with quality and supply of seed, manure, farming practices, horticulture, poultry, dairy, fisheries and animal husbandry etc. agriculture produce, transport, storage and marketing in the state.
Soil: Physical, chemical and biological properties, Soil process and factors of soil formation, mineral and organic constituents of soil and their role in maintaining soil productivity. Essential plant nutrients and other beneficial elements in soils and plants. Problem soils and their reclamation methods. Problems of soil erosion and Soil degradation in Madhya Pradesh. Soil conservation planning on watershed basis .
- 2.5 Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstrearn and downs tream requirements , supply management. Land reforms in India.
3. Water Management
- 3.1 Ground Water and Watershed management.
- 3.2 Water usage and efﬁcient irrigation systems.
- 3.3 Drinking Water: supply, factors of impurity of Water and quality management.
4. Disaster and its management
- 4.1 Man-made and Natural disasters: Concept and scope of disaster management,
- 4.2 speciﬁc hazards and mitigation.
- 4.3 Community planning: Resource Mapping, Relief 85 Rehabilimtion, preventive and administrative measures, Safe construction, Alternative communication and survival skills.
- 4.4 Case studies 7 Chernobyl Atomic Plant Tragedy 1986, Bhopal Gas Tragedy 1984
- 4.5 Kutch Earthquake 2001 , Indian Tsunami 2004,Fukushirna Daiichi Japan Nuclear Disaster 2011, Uttrakhand Flash Flood 2013,Ujjain Tragedy 1994, Allahabad Kumbh Stampede 2013, J & K Flood 2014 etc.
PAPER II GENERAL STUDIES -(II)
1. The Constitution, the Political and Administrative Structure of Governance.
1.1 Constitution drafting committee, The Constitution of India, The Preamble,
Basic Structure, Fundamental Rights and Duties and Directive principles
of state policy, Schedules of the Constitution, Constitutional amendments.
Comparison of the Indian Constitution with that of other countries.
1.2 Centre and State Legislature.
1.3 Centre and State Executive.
1.4 Judiciary 7 Supreme Court, High Court, District and Subordinate Courts,
Contempt of Court.
1.5 Nature of the Indian Union, CentreiState Relations, Division of Power
(Centre List, State List and Concurrent List). Distribution of resources.
1.6 Decentralization and peoples participation in Democratic Governance.
Local Self Government, 73rd and 74th amendment of Constitution. The
Panchayats, The Municipalities. (Rural and Urban Local Governance)
1.7 Lokpal, Lokayukt and Lok Nyayalaya iJudiciary as a Watchidog protecting
the Constitutional Order, Judicial Activism, Public Interest Litigation.
1.8 Accountability and Rights :
Competition Commission, Consumer Courts, Information Commissior Women Commission, Human Rights Commissions, SC/ ST/OBC Commissions, other redressed agencies / authorities. Transparency and Accountability, Right to Information, Right to Services, Utilimtion of public funds.
1.9 Democracy at Work,
Political Parties, Political Representation, Citizens Participation in Decision Making.
Election Commission, Electoral reforms. 1.11 Emergence of Community Based Organizations (CBOs) and Non Government Organizations (NGOs);
Self Help Groups.
1.12 Issues and role of media (Electronic, Print and Social)
2. Security issues: External and Internal.
3. Social 85 Some Important Legislation:
3.1 Indian society, Social Legislation as an instrument of Social Change.
3.2 The Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993
3.3 Protection to Women Women 85 Criminal Law [Under Indian Constitution
Law 85 criminal Procedure code]
3.4 Protection of Women From Domestic Violence Act72005
3.5 The Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955,
3.6 The Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989,
3.7 Right to Information Act, 2005,
3.8 Environment (Protection) Act, 1986,
3.9 The Consumer Protection Act, 1986,
3.10 Information Technology Act, 2000,
3.11 The Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988
3.12 The Madhya Pradesh Lok Sewaon ke Pradan ki Guarantee Adhiniyam- 20 10
Social Sector – Health, Education and Empowerment-
4.1 Health services, Preventive and curative health programmes in India / M. P. With an emphasis on children and Women’s health.
Issues related to availability of curative health to all. Availability of doctor 85 Paramedical smff. Health services in rural area.
4.2 Malnutrition, its causes and effects and Govt. programmes supplementary Nutrition
4.3 The technological interventions in the ﬁeld of Imi’nunology, Immunization, Family health,
Biotechnolog, Communicable and non7com.municable diseases and remedies.
4.4 Vital statistics
4.5 W.H.O.7Objectives, Structures, functions and its programmes.
5. Education systems
Education as a tool of HR development, Universal elementary education,
Quality of Higher and Technical, Vocational Education. Issues related to girls education, under privileged classes and differently abled classes.
6. Human resource development –
Availability of skilled manpower, employability and productivity of human resource of India, trends of employment, role of institutions like NCHER, NCERT, NIEPA, UGC, Open Universities, AICTE, NCTE, NCVT, ICAR, IITS, NITs. NLUs, IIMs, Polytechnic and ITIs etc. and human resource development.
7. Welfare programmes –
Welfare programmes and Issues related to eAged people, Differently able people, Children, Women, Labour, Socially deprived Classes and Displaced groups of developmental projects.
8. Public Services
Public Services, All India Services, Central Services, State Services, Constitutional Positions; Role and function, nature of function, Union Public Service Commission, M.P. State Public Service Commission. Training and Training Institutions of State and Centre in context of changing governance pattern.
9. Public Expenditure and Accounts
Control over public Expenditure, Parliamean control, Estimate Committee, Public Accounts Committee etc. Office of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India, Role of Finance Ministry in Monetary and Fiscal Policy, Composition and function ofAccountant General of M. P.
10. International Organizations
10.1 UN and its associate organimtions.
10.2 IMF, The World Bank and Asian Development Bank
10.3 SAARC, BRICS, other Bilateral and Regional groupings
10.4 WTO and its impact on India.
PAPER III -GENERAL STUDIES -(III)
1. Science and Technology
1.1 Matter in our surroundings, Elements, Compounds, Mixtures, Metals and Nonemetals, Carbon and its compounds, Molecules, Atoms, Structure of atom. Chemical reactions, Acids, Bases and Salts.1.2 Organism, Types of organisms, Tissues, Fundamental unit of lifeeCell, Life processes’, Metabolism, Control and Coordination, Reproduction, Heredity and Evolution.
1.3 Gravitation, Motions, Force, Laws of Motion, Work and Energ, Light, Sound, Electricity and Magnetism.
2. Reasoning and Data Interpretation
2.1 Basic numeracy and Statistics (numbers and their relations), Probability.
2.2 Data handling and Interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc.).
2.3 Ratio and Proportion, Unitary method, Profit and Loss, Percentage, Discount, Simple and Compound Interest.
2.4 Mensuration : Area, Perimeter Volume.
2.5 Logical reasoning, Analytical ability and Problem solving.
3.1 Applications of Science and Technolog] in Social and Economic development, Indigenous technolog, Transfer of technology and developing new Technologies.
3.2 Patents and Intellectual Property Rights. (TRIPS 85 TRIMS).
3.3 Contribution of Indians in the ﬁeld of Science and Technolog.
4. Emerging Technologies
4.1 Emerging technologies like Information and Communication Technology, Remote sensing, Space, GIS, GPS, Bioitechnology 8a Nanoitechnology: their application in the field of Agriculture and Allied sectors, Health, E- Governance, Transport, Spatial Planning, Housing, Sports etc.
5.1 Conventional and NoniConventional sources of energy.
5.2 Energy Management: Issues and challenges.
5.3 Current status of alternative sources of energy and their future prospects.
6. Environment and Sustainable Development
6.1 Environmental degradation: its causes, effects and remedies.
6.2 Environment protection laws, Policies and regulatory framework.
6.3 The Environment 7 development debate.
6.4 Solid, Efﬂuent, Sewer, Medical, Hazardous and Eiwaste management.
6.5 Climate change: Causes and Remedial measures.
6.6 Ecological Prints and Coping strategies.
7. Indian Economy :
7.1 Development Experience of India.
7.2 Causes of low Industrialization in MP.
7.3 Economic reforms since 199 1: Industrial and Financial sector reforms, stock market and Banking systems.
7.4 Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization.
7.5 Current trends and challenges in the Indian Economy.
7.6 Development planning in India.
7.7 National Income and Accounting System.
7.8 Infrastructural development and issues.
7.9 Poverty, Unemployment, Regional Imbalances and Migration.
7.10 Urban issues, Urban development (social and economic infrastructure) and Housing for Low Income Groups.
7.11 Rural issues, Rural development (Social and economic infrastructure) and Rural Credit.
7.12 Indicator of development, Human development 85 Economic development.
7.13 Coioperative movement in India and M.P.
7.14 Importance of agriculture in M.P. and Indian economy.
7.15 Factors of economic development.
7.16 Issues of Direct and Indirect Subsidy for farm sector and other social sectors.
7.17 Public Distribution System : Objective, Functioning, Limitation, Issues of Buffer Stock and Food Security.
PAPER IV – GENERAL STUDIES (IV)
- Human needs and motivationEthics and Values in Public Administration: Ethical elements in governance 7 integrity, accountability and transparency, ethical reasoning and moral dilemJnas, conscience as sources of ethical guidance. code of conduct for civil servants, values in governance.
- Philosophers / Thinkers, Social workers / Reformers :Mahavir, Buddha, Kautilya, Plato, Aristotle, Gurunanak, Kabir, Tulsidas, Ravindra Nath Tagore, Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Swami Dayanand Saraswati, Swami Vivekanand, Sri Aurobindo, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Sarvpalli Radhakrishnan , Bhimrao Rarnji Ambedkar, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Deen Dayal Uppadhyaya, Ram Manohar Lohiya etc.
- Attitude:Content, Elements, Function Formation of attitude, attitudinal change, persuasive communication, Prejudice and discrimination, Stereotypes in Indian context.
- Aptitude:Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and none partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
- Emotional intelligence:Emotional intelligence-concepts, their utilities and application in Administration and Governance.
- Corruption:Types and Causes of corruption, effects of corruption, approaches to minimizing cor-ruptione role of society, media, family, whistleblower, UN Convention on Corruption, measuring corruption; Transparency International etc.
- Case studies- based on the contents on the syllabus.
PAPER V – GENERAL HINDI
PAPER VI – ESSAY WRITING
|01||First Essay (1000 words Approx.)||50 Marks|
|02||Second Essay (250 words Approx.)||25 Marks|
|03||Third Essay (250 words Approx.)||25 Marks|