Description about UPSC
The Union Public Service Commission is India’s Central Recruiting Agency. It is responsible for the appointments to and examinations for the All India Services and group A & group B of the Central Services. It is one of the most awaiting exams at the national level. The most prominent jobs include the IAS, IPS, IFS, IRS, etc. UPSC not only recruits for the administrative services but also conducts examinations for several posts in the educational and health services. Every year UPSC releases its schedule for the examinations to be conducted in the upcoming year. The examination is divided into three phases the first one is the Preliminary Examination in which lakhs of students take part all around the nation, the second one is the written Mains examination and the third phase is the Personal Interview; all of which are mentioned elaborately in our UPSC section.
Minimum Educational Qualifications:
|A degree from a Central, State or Deemed university|
|A degree received through correspondence or distance education|
|A degree from an open university|
|A qualification recognized by the Government of India as being equivalent to one of the above|
|Final year student can appear in exam|
Age and attempt limit
|Minimum age: 21 years as on 1st August|
|The number of attempts:-|
|* General Category: 6 attempts till 32 years of age.|
|* OBC: 9 attempts till 35 years of age.|
|* SC/ST: unlimited attempts till 37 years of age|
|* PH : 9 attempt; 42 years|
|1. Preliminary Exam|
|2. Mains Exam|
|Acts as a screening process. It consists of two papers.|
|Paper 1:- 200 marks, 2 hrs,100 MCQs.(Objective).|
|Paper 2:- 200 marks,2hrs,100 MCQs (Objective )|
|Both the papers have 1/3rd negative marking.|
|Second paper is only qualifying, need to secure minimum 33% marks in second paper.|
|Merit list will be based on Paper 1- So paper 1 is most important for selection|
|One who qualifies Preliminary Examination has to go through Mains examination- which is a descriptive examination|
Subjects of Mains Exam
7 papers- 250 marks each,3 hrs each(for calculating merit)
|Paper 1:- Essay 2 essays-1000 words each|
|Paper 2:- General Studies I – History,Geography,Society|
|Paper 3:- General Studies II – Constitution,International Relations|
|Paper 4:- General Studies III – Economy,Science,Internal Security|
|Paper 5:- General Studies IV – Ethics|
Optional Subject(There will be two papers of one subject .)
|Paper 6:- (Optional Subject)-Paper I|
|Paper 7:- (Optional Subject)- Paper II|
2 Qualifying papers (25% of 300 marks)
|Paper 8 (Only Qualifying):- English|
|Paper 9 (Only Qualifying) : – Any language in 8th Schedul. eg. Hindi,Marathi etc|
|Once a person clears Mains Examination he/she has to appear for Personality test, i.e Personal Interview. It is of 275 marks.|
|Interview marks + Mains marks = Final Selection|
Services offered under UPSC(CS) Exam
|Indian Administrative Service (IAS) (Generally top 100)|
|Indian Police Service (IPS) (Generallly 100 to 200)|
|Indian Foreign Service (IFS)|
|Indian Audit and Accounts Service (IA&AS)|
|Indian Civil Accounts Service (ICAS)|
|Indian Corporate Law Service (ICLS)|
|Indian Defence Accounts Service (IDAS)|
|Indian Defence Estates Service (IDES)|
|Indian Information Service (IIS)|
|Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS)|
|Indian Post & Telecommunication Accounts and Finance Service(IP&TAFS)|
|Indian Postal Service (IPoS)|
|Indian Railway Accounts Service (IRAS)|
|Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS)|
|Indian Railway Traffic Service (IRTS)|
|Indian Revenue Service (IRS-IT) (Generally 200 to 300)|
|Indian Revenue Service (IRS-C&CE) (Generally 300 to 350)|
|Indian Trade Service (ITrS)|
|Railway Protection Force (RPF)|
|Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service (AFHCS)|
|Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Civil Service (DANICS)|
|Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Police Service (DANIPS)|
|Pondicherry Civil Service (PCS)|
|Pondicherry Police Service (PPS)|
|Description About Some Elite Services|
|Indian Administrative services (IAS): Indian Administrative services is one of the most coveted services in India.As an IAS officer a person generally begins with position of SDM (Sub Divisional Officer). The areas under an SDM include law and order, general administration, and developmental work. There is a probationary period in the beginning of one’s career, and after that officers move on to the senior scale to become District Collector , Secretary , Chief Secretary or at highest level one may occupy the post of Cabinet Secretary.|
|Indian Police Service (IPS) Typically, an IPS officer is involved in Public safety and policing. IPS officer generally begins his/her career as the Deputy Superintendent of Police, and the officer can then rise through the ranks of the State Police to become Commissioner of Police. Alternatively, an IPS officer can also work in national government agencies such as the Intelligence Bureau (IB), the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW), Criminal Investigation Department (CID), and the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) and can become the Inspector General of such a specialized force. Senior IPS officers also get placed in Cabinet Secretariat or at senior levels in other protective forces such as the Border Security Force (BSF), the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and the Central Industrial Security Force (CISF). India’s current National Security Advisor , Mr Ajit Dhobal is an IPS Officer.|
|Indian Foreign Service (IFS). The IFS Officers are the career diplomats of India,who represent India in foreign land. IFS officers man the embassies of the government of India all over the world. They are involved in bilateral political and economic cooperation, trade and investment promotion, cultural interaction, press and media liaison as well as a whole host of multilateral issues.|
|Indian Revenue Services (IRS). The Indian Revenue (IRS) officers are responsible for the collection of revenue for the Government of India.. Within Ministry of finance ,Department of Revenue, we have two Boards namely Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) and Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC), which are responsible for the collection of direct taxes and indirect taxes and manned by the officers of IRS (IT) and IRS (C&CE) respectively. IR (IT) officers are responsible for collection of all Direct Taxes like Income Tax,. An IRS officer starts his/her career as Assistant Commissioners and gradually moves to become IRS (Customs & Central Excise) officers are responsible for collection of all types of Indirect Taxes like GST.|
SYLLABUS FOR THE EXAMINATION
|Paper I – (200 marks) ; Duration :Two hours|
• Current events of national and international importance.
• History of India and Indian National Movement.
• Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India+World
• Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
• Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc
• General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change.
• General Science
|Paper II-(200 marks) ; Duration :Two hours|
• Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
• Logical reasoning and analytical ability;
• Decision making and problem solving;
• General mental ability;
• Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc.-Class X)
Note 1 : Paper-II of the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination will be a qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%.
Note 2 : The questions will be of multiple choice, objective type
|Part B—Main Examination|
|Essay : Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact Expression.|
|General Studies-I : Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.|
|1. Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.|
2. Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
3 . The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
4 . Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
5. History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization,political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society
6. Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
7 . Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
8 . Effects of globalization on Indian society.
9. Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
10. Salient features of world’s physical geography.
11 . Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).
12 . Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
|General Studies- II : Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.|
|13 . Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure|
14 . Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
15 . Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
16. Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.
17 . Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
18 . Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
19. Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
20 . Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
21 .Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
22 . Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
23 . Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
24. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions andBodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
25 . Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
26 . Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
27 . Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
28 . Role of civil services in a democracy.
29 . India and its neighborhood- relations.
30 . Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
31 . Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
32 . Important International institutions, agencies and their structure, mandate
|General Studies-III :Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.|
|33 . Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.|
34. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
35. Government Budgeting.
36 . Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e technology in the aid of farmers.
37 . Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
38 . Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
39 . Land reforms in India.
40 . Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
41 . Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads,Airports, Railways etc. 42. Investment models.
43. Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
44 . Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology. 45 . Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nanotechnology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
46 . Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
47 . Disaster and disaster management.
48. Linkages between development and spread of extremism. 49. Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
50. Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
51 . Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
52. Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.
|General Studies- IV : Ethics, Integrity andAptitude|
|53 . Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.|
54 . Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
55 . Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
56 . Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
57. Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
58. Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
59. Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
60. Case Studies on above issues.