CCAF Instructional Design for Interactive Learning

Lens One: Interactive Studying

The CCAF Design Mannequin framework for educational interactivity, created by Dr. Michael Allen, is a trademark of Allen Interactions. This interactive studying design mannequin is learner-centric and targeted on creating significant, memorable, motivational, and measurable eLearning or on-line coaching packages. First revealed in Michael Allen’s Information to eLearning, this framework establishes Four elements—Context, Problem, Exercise, and Suggestions—because the important items of efficient learner interactions. As an interactive studying framework for an Tutorial Designer, this construction gives a dependable means to rework and elevate on-line instructing interactions.

CCAF Design Mannequin: Four Elements

The CCAF Tutorial Design Mannequin [1] says that efficient eLearning interactions require that the Four elements be balanced and built-in:

  1. Context
    Present a significant framework that identifies how this job or info is related and important to the true world of the learner.
  2. Problem
    Inspire the learner to have interaction with genuine intention by way of establishing significant dangers, important outcomes, and the potential for achievement.
  3. Exercise
    Use gestures that correspond and evoke the real-life actions on the coronary heart of the specified efficiency.
  4. Suggestions
    Replicate again to the learners not solely indicators of correctness however, extra importantly, intrinsic and extrinsic indicators of how they’ll enhance.

I’ve spent a few years working with budding Tutorial Designers to grasp these parts and encourage them to make use of them of their design work. Frustration has been that the appliance of the Four elements typically stays fragmented. In fact, the CCAF Tutorial Design Mannequin is most precious within the energy of the sum of its elements moderately than the person items.

That is the primary of a sequence that I hope will apply a contemporary method to understanding CCAF as a complete bundle. I need to apply a number of lenses of significance to educators and trainers to disclose the broad flexibility and broad software potential of the CCAF Design method.

The Energy Of CCAF Vs. Ranges Of Interactivity

It might appear preposterously round to speak in regards to the CCAF Design Mannequin of Tutorial Interactivity when it comes to interactivity itself, however we want to take action with the intention to grasp the total revolutionary significance this mannequin proposes.

The standard manner folks speak about interactivity is thru the well-known Ranges of Interactivity [2] rubric that has circulated in varied kinds all through the trade for years. Briefly, this constructions the world of interactivity into Four ranges:

  • Stage 1—Passive (no interplay): Course of is strictly linear; could embrace easy pictures, video, audio, and take a look at questions.
  • Stage 2—Restricted participation: Restricted management of straightforward interactions; could embrace animations, clickable menus, and drag-and-drop interactions.
  • Stage 3—Average interplay: Learner expertise extra custom-made and sophisticated; simulations, tales, and branching situations.
  • Stage 4—Full immersion: Learners management the training expertise with extra advanced workout routines and simulations.

The uselessness of this construction for an Tutorial Designer is that it fully avoids lively considering on the a part of the learner as a vital ingredient of educational interactivity. As an alternative, it merely captures the technical complexity of the answer, which can or could not have something to do with its potential for creating efficiency change within the learner.  In fact, any interplay that allows lower than full immersion on the a part of the learner is a failure. And the degrees of interplay construction unaccountably categorizes “No Interactivity” as a suitable stage.

Within the CCAF Design Mannequin [1], the intention and end result are that each interplay, no matter technical complexity, ought to create full immersion, even when the bodily construction underpinnings are fairly easy.

I’ve a mantra that my college students little doubt get bored with listening to: “No matter you construct, it’s only a multiple-choice query.”

Whereas there are a number of exceptions, the overwhelming majority of on-line interactions will take the type of a multiple-choice or multiple-selection query: listed below are the assorted selections I’m presenting so that you can reply to; a number of are “right,” the others are “improper.”

CCAF permits us to make each single alternative for interplay totally immersive. Context gives an surroundings through which the results and expectations of the Problem can appear actual. Exercise embodied in gestures, at the very least symbolically, represents actions to be taken in the true world, and corrective recommendation is built-in totally into the established context by way of Suggestions.

Actual Interactive Studying Options And CCAF

CCAF eLearning Design Instance: Security Coaching

Think about this quite simple interplay to let learners follow figuring out one of the best PPE for sure building duties. The Context is about by a scheduled work job. The Problem is that every employee must be ready with the proper PPE. The Exercise is that the learner actually attire the employee (the an identical job that the employee would do in actual life), and Suggestions displays the protected accomplishment of the duty. To label this a Stage 2 interplay means that it’s missing not directly. To acknowledge it as an exquisite CCAF interplay (in its simplicity) is one of the best that we will try for. Learn the total case examine right here.

Interactive Learning - Instructional Design - Elearning Design

CCAF will also be a construction to create different interactions of nice complexity—not as a result of there may be some advantage in complexity however moderately as a result of the talent being taught requires sophistication and complexity of the efficiency.

CCAF eLearning Design Instance: Faculty Bus Driver Security

Within the subsequent instance, the learners are faculty bus drivers who have to study protected driving procedures at rail crossings. The context truly locations the learner behind the wheel of the car because it travels down a street. Apart from being solely graphically depicted, CCAF Design is:

  • Context: an identical to the efficiency context.
  • Problem: to navigate the bus full of youngsters safely and legally throughout quite a lot of railroad crossings.
  • Exercise: to regulate exactly the identical features out there to the motive force: speed up, brake, open home windows, regulate radio and cellphone, set warning lights, and many others.
  • Suggestions: features a visitors ticket or worse, a collision, and a Secure Driving Guidelines to be reminded of any ignored security process.

Interactive Learning - Instructional Design - CCAF Design - eLearning Design

Optimally, we glance to interactivity to embody quite a lot of essential studying features, reminiscent of:

  • Foster lively considering
  • Encourage reflection
  • Enhance motivation
  • Improve long-term reminiscence

Making use of CCAF to any interplay is assured to maneuver your design nearer to those beliefs.

The CCAF Design Mannequin is on the core of the Allen Academy’s Allen Licensed Tutorial Skilled program (ACIP). The primary two programs on this program, Design 100: Boring is Unhealthy and Design 101: Designing Interactivity, present an intensive investigation of the character of efficient interactive studying, the success elements for creating eLearning that make a distinction, important alternatives to use the CCAF Design Mannequin, after which enhanced additional with further methods to extend the learner motivation.

In Design 102: Constructing Tutorial Interactions, studying professionals create strong CCAF interactions within the widespread eLearning improvement authoring instrument, Articulate® Storyline. These on-line programs are led by knowledgeable designers and join you with a cohort of different Tutorial Designers devoted to enhancing the effectiveness of their designs.

Look ahead to the subsequent article on this sequence: “Four Lenses to Carry CCAF into Focus: Grownup Studying.”


[1] eLearning Design with CCAF

[2] Rubric for Assessing Interactive Qualities of Distance Programs

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