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Mppsc Notes

Mppsc Notes

SSC CGL Study Notes & Study Material PDF Download

Check Section and Topic wise study material for SSC CGL 2019 here. As SSC is one of the highest competitive exams, candidates must have essential SSC CGL Study Notes for proper preparation.

We have provided the list of Important Books and Authors for SSC CGL Study Notes PDF. These notes are prepared by a panel of experts for helping students to achieve more marks. Practicing among 500 SSC CGL GK Questions will help the candidates crack the exam easily.

  • For easy preparation, candidates must firstly go through the SSC CGL Syllabus and know which topics will be appearing in the exam.
  • Begin your preparation well in advance for the exam by referring to the SSC CGL Preparation Tips designed by a panel of experts.


SSC CGL Study Notes PDF

Here is the list of all important SSC CGL Study Notes to help candidates crack SSC CGL Exam with high score. Go through the details and enhance your preparation.

SSC CGL Previous Year Questions Asked Download PDF Free (English)

SSC CGL Previous Year Questions Asked in 2018 Free PDF (Hindi)

SSC CGL Idioms and Phrases

Download our SSC CGL Idioms and phrases from previous year Combined Graduate Level exam. Kickstart your preparation now by referring to the PDF and score more in the English section.

SSC CGL One-Word Substitution Questions

Check out the collated SSC CGL One Word Substitution Questions from SSC CGL Previous Year Exam papers. Go through the one-word substitution questions in PDF format and score more in the upcoming Combined Graduate Level Exam.

SSC CGL Synonyms Questions

Begin your preparation for English section in SSC Combined Graduate Level Exam 2019 by going through SSC CGL Synonyms Questions that had appeared in previous year exams.

We have compiled a PDF comprising of all previous year Synonyms Questions from SSC CGL Exam.

SSC CGL Antonyms Questions

Enhance your preparation for SSC CGL 2019 by practicing well for the English section. Go through the list of SSC CGL Antonyms Questions from previous year SSC CGL Exams.

Start preparing well in advance for the English section and score more in the upcoming SSC CGL Exams.

SSC CGL Study Notes for Cabinet Ministers

Cabinet ministers being one of the important topics in SSC CGL exams, so knowing about the ministers is very essential. As there are too many ministers to look out for, here is the Cabinet Ministers PDF provided. This PDF includes all the cabinet ministers of 2019.

Candidates who are appearing for SSC CGL Exam 2019, can go through this PDF and enhance their preparation.

SSC CGL Study Notes for Cabinet Ministers

Name State & Minister
Raj Nath Singh Lucknow UP (Minister of Defence)
Amit Shah Gandhinagar, Gujarat (Minister of Home Affairs)
D.V. Sadananda Gowda North Bengaluru, Karnataka (Minister of Chemicals and Fertilizers)
Nirmala Sitharaman R.S. Andhra Pradesh (Minister of Finance; and Minister of Corporate Affairs)
Shri Piyush Goyal R.S., MH (Minister of Railways; and Minister of Commerce and Industry)
Shri Santosh Kumar Gangwar Bareilly, UP (Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Labour and Employment)

SSC CGL Study Notes for Important Books and Authors

Here is the list of study notes for Important Books and Authors. Students who are appearing for SSC CGL 2019 can refer to these notes for their preparation.

SSC CGL Study Notes PDF Important Books & Authors

Important Books Authors
Of counsel – The challenges of the Modi Jaitley economy Arvind Subramanian
The third pillar Raghuram Rajan
The fire burns blue – A history of women’s cricket in India Karunya Keshav & Sidhanta Pathak
Early Indians – The story of our Ancestors & where we came from Tony Joseph
We are Displaced Malala Yousafzai
Chequered Brilliance – The many lives of V.K.Krishnan Menon Jairam Ramesh
Saffron Swords Centuries of Indic Resistance to invaders Manoshi Sinha Rawal
Let’s Talk on Air Conversation With Radio Rakesh Anand Bakshi
Darkness to light – former American professional basketball player : Lamar Odom
In our mad & furious city Guy Gunaratne

Importance of Study Notes

The best way to prepare for SSC CGL Exam is to study regularly from the prescribed Study notes. Apart from regular SSC CGL Books, students must refer to study notes if they are unable to understand concepts. There are a lot of importance by studying SSC CGL Study Notes which are listed out as follows:

  • Every tough concept can be understood easily with these notes.
  • Candidates can just go through important topics and its explanation from notes
  • Study notes include all the topics and concepts according to the latest SSC CGL Exam Pattern and Syllabus.
  • Candidates can also know different ways to answer a question in the exam
  • Includes important questions for practicing which are compiled from SSC CGL Previous Year Question Papers
UPSC Exam Pattern of the UPSC Civil Services IAS Mains Examination

The Mains Examination is a written Examination. It consists of 9 Papers out of which 2 are Qualifying in nature namely Paper A and Paper B; remaining 7 papers which are namely Paper I to Paper VII which are based on Ranking. The Questions will beavailable in Hindi as well as English in the Question Papers.

S.No. Name of the Paper. Name of the Subject. Marks.
1. Paper-A. Modern Indian Language. (Qualifying Paper). 300.
2. Paper-B. English (Qualifying Paper). 300.
3. Paper-I. Essay. 250.
4. Paper-II. General studies-I. 250.
5. Paper-III. General studies-II. 250.
6. Paper-IV. General studies-III. 250.
7. Paper-V. General studies-IV. 250.
8. Paper-VI. Optional Subject (Paper-1). 250.
9. Paper-VII. Optional Subject (Paper-2). 250.
Sub-Total. 1750.    
Interview. 275.
Total. 2025.

The Final Ranking of the candidates: This is done based on the marks obtained in the Mains and the Interview.

  • UPSC Syllabus
    UPSC Syllabus for Prelims The preliminary examination of UPSC is for screening purpose only. It is also known as CSAT. The marks obtained in the UPSC prelims examination amount to a qualification to take the UPSC Main examination and will not be counted for determining a candidate's final order of merit. Syllabus of Paper I (200 marks) Duration : 2 hours
    1. Current events of national and international importance
    2. History of India and Indian National Movement
    3. Indian and World Geography - Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World
    4. Indian Polity and Governance - Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc
    5. Economic and Social Development - Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc
    6. General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialization General Science
    Syllabus for Paper II-(200 marks) Duration: 2 hours
    1. Comprehension
    2. Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
    3. Logical reasoning and analytical ability
    4. Decision-making and problem solving
    5. General mental ability
    6. Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. - Class X level)

    UPSC Syllabus for Mains

    The Main examination of UPSC is designed to test a candidate's academic expertise and ability to present his/her knowledge in a consistent manner. The UPSC Mains exam intends to assess the overall intellectual traits and understanding of concept by the candidates.

    Syllabus of the Written Examination: The standard of the paper in General English will be such as may be expected of a Science Graduate. The papers on geological subjects (Geology, Geophysics, Chemistry & Hydrogeology) will be approximate of the MSc degree standard of an Indian University and questions will generally be set to test the candidate’s grasp of the fundamentals in each subject. General English Paper: Candidate will be required to write a short Essay in English. Other questions will be designed to test their understanding of English and workmanlike use of words.

    Paper I - Modern Indian language - 300 Marks

    Qualifying nature: Marks not counted, Passing mandatory

    • Comprehension of given passages
    • Precis Writing
    • Usage and Vocabulary
    • Short Essay
    • Translation from English to the Indian language and vice-versa

    Note 1: The Papers on Indian Languages and English will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature only. The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking.

    Note 2: The candidates will have to answer the English and Indian Languages papers in English and the respective Indian language (except where translation is involved).

    Paper II - English - 300 marks

    Qualifying nature: Marks not counted, passing mandatory

    The aim of the paper is to test the candidates' ability to read and understand serious discursive prose, and to express his ideas clearly and correctly, in English and Indian Language concerned.

    The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows:-

    • Comprehension of given passages 
    • Precis Writing
    • Usage and Vocabulary
    • Short Essay
    Paper III - Essay - 250 Marks
    • To be written in the medium or language of the candidate's choice
    • Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic
    • The choice of subjects will be given
    • They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely
    • Credit will be given for effective and exact expression
    Paper IV - General Studies - 250 Marks

    (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)

    • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
    • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
    • The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country
    • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the countryHistory of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society 
    • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India
    • Role of women and women's organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies 
    • Effects of globalization on Indian society
    • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism
    • Salient features of world's physical geography
    • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)

    Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

    Paper V - General Studies II - 250 Marks

    (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

    • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
    • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
    • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
    • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
    • Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these 
    • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity 
    • Salient features of the Representation of People's Act 
    • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies
    • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies 
    • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation
    • Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders 
    • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and 
    • Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections
    • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources 
    • Issues relating to poverty and hunger 
    • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures 
    • Role of civil services in a democracy 
    • India and its neighborhood- relations
    • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests
    • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian dupscpora.
    • Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate
    Paper VI - General Studies I & II - 250 Marks

    (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)

    • Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.
    • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
    • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
    • Government Budgeting.
    • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
    • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions;economics of animal-rearing.
    • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
    • Land reforms in India.
    • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
    • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
    • Investment models.
    • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology;indigenization of technology and developing new technology
    • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
    • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
    • Disaster and disaster management.
    • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
    • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
    • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention
    • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism
    • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate
    Paper VII - General Studies IV - 250 Marks

    (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)

    • This paper will include questions to test the candidates' attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.
    • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.
    • Human Values - lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
    • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
    • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
    • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
    • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
    • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance;ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
    • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen's
    • Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption
    • Case Studies on above issues.
    Paper VIII - Optional Subject - Paper I - 250 Marks
    • Candidates may choose any ONE optional subject from amongst the list of subjects given below.
    Paper XI - Optional Subject - Paper II -250 Marks
    • Candidates may choose any ONE optional subject from amongst the list of subjects given below.

    Interview/Personality Test - 275 Marks

    Candidate can give preference of the language in which they may like to be interviewed. UPSC will make arrangement for the translators.

  • UPSC Pre and Mains Paper Free Download
    State Service Exam - UPSC 2018
    UPSC - Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination Paper -1 || Paper-2
    Civil Services (Main) Examination Paper -1 || Paper-2 || Paper-3 || Paper-4
    State Service Exam - UPSC 2017
    UPSC - Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination Paper -1 || Paper-2
    Civil Services (Main) Examination Paper -1 || Paper-2 || Paper-3 || Paper-4 |
    State Service Exam - UPSC 2016
    UPSC - Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination Paper -1 || Paper-2
    Civil Services (Main) Examination Paper -1 || Paper-2 || Paper-3 || Paper-4
  • UPSC Cutoff - Civil Services Examination, 2017 – minimum qualifying marks

    In the Civil Services Examination 2017, the minimum qualifying standards/marks secured by the last recommended candidate in various categories at various stages are as under:-

    Exam General OBC SC ST PH-1 PH-2 PH-3
    CS(Prelim)* 105.34 102.66 88.66 88.66 85.34 61.34 40.00
    CS(Main)# 809 770 756 749 734 745 578
    CS(Final) 1006 968 944 939 923 948 830

    *Cut off marks on the basis of GS Paper-I only. GS Paper-II was of qualifying nature with 33% marks as per Rule-15 of Civil Services Examination, 2017.

    # Subject to 10% marks in each of the seven competitive papers i.e. Essay, GS-I, GS-II, GS-III, GS-IV, Optional-I and Optional-II.

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