The UGC conducts Nationwide Eligibility Take a look at (NET) in numerous topics of Humanities, together with English, and Social Sciences, for the award of Junior Analysis Fellowship (in addition to Lectureship) for pursuing Ph. D. degree analysis. The take a look at contains three session papers. The primary paper is of common nature, supposed to evaluate the analysis (or instructing) aptitude, with out excluding reasoning skill, comprehension, and common consciousness of the candidates. The second paper consists of short-answer questions based mostly on the topic opted by the candidates.
The third paper comprises solely descriptive questions. It has 4 sections. Part I requires candidates to jot down a critique of a given passage. The questions in part II are definitional or search specific data briefly reply kind. Part III pertains to analytical or evaluative questions on the candidate’s main specialization / elective , as most well-liked. Part IV is based mostly on essay varieties questions on common themes and modern , theoretical , or of disciplinary relevance to check the candidates ‘ skill to expound critically a topic with discrimination.
Seen on this gentle, the two books below overview search to assist aspiring candidates put together for answering objective- kind questions in English literature. Manoj Kumar’s ebook consists to function a apply ebook for the UGC’ s NET and postgraduate college students in English, offering “subjective materials in addition to goal questions” needed for good preparation (Preface).
The writer has divided the ‘textbook’ into ten items, offering the fundamental details about British literature from the Age of Chaucer to the Modern interval , American Literature, Indian English literature, Literatures in translation, Literary concept and Criticism, and Rhetoric and Prosody.
Every unit begins with a short point out of the writer’s names and main works that make them notable, adopted by objective-type questions (with 4 choices). There isn’t a subjective elaboration, neither is there a uniform sample within the variety of objects (which range between 101 to 138 from Unit I to IX) or their contents. It’s at finest haphazard.
In Unit I , for instance, Geoffrey Chaucer’s identify (in daring kind), doesn’t present his years of delivery and loss of life, however the entry on William Langland exhibits this. The years of delivery and loss of life will not be l proven for John Gower, John Barbour, Sir John Mandeville, John Wycliff, Sir Thomas Malory and James I on web page 1. Equally, the publication date for some books are given however for others, it’s lacking. A uniform sample ought to have been adopted for every writer, from the start to the top.
One additionally expects to discover a brief write-up on the overall traits or traits about every of the ages/ durations alongside the foremost contributors that kind the majority of the objective-type questions. There ought to have been a correct ‘match’ between what Manoj Kumar calls “subjective information ” of literature and goal questions for ample apply from Unit I to VII.
Nonetheless, he does write a readable introductory commentary in Unit VIII (on American Literature and Indian English writers) and Unit IX (an Literary Idea and Criticism). The final Unit (on Rhetoric and Prosody), which has solely 52 goal objects for practising 31 phrases isn’t as properly developed as the 2 previous items.
The record of Booker (from 1969 to 2007) and Nobel (from 1901 to 2007) Prize winners on the finish is informative however Manoj Kumar ought to have additionally offered the names of the prize-winning books within the final three pages.
The second ebook, A Key to Literary Kinds and Phrases, ought to make up for the brief falls in Unit X of Manoj Kumar’s textbook. In actual fact, Sudhir Ok. Arora claims to have included many of the vital literary varieties and phrases “in capsule kind” and offered loads of multiple-choice apply workout routines that ought to assist aspiring candidates carry out higher within the aggressive exams for fellowship and / or Lectureship in English literature.
Within the first 29 pages, Arora has alphabetically organized 117 literary varieties and phrases with helpful references, however no examples. Within the part on ‘Figures of Speech’, Arora has deserted this association and included phrases of rhetoric and prosody within the order it’s usually accessible in most books. The examples, nonetheless, are useful.
In each the books the authors have offered a key to all the target objects to self-help candidates of their preparation. Nonetheless, Manoj Kumar has additionally added some 250 ‘Unsolved’ objects to make sure that critical candidates actually put together properly.
Given the current state of English Literature instructing within the nation, books like A Textbook for Goal Questions in English Literature and A Key to Literary Kinds and Phrases are useful to aspiring candidates in creating consciousness although it’s uncertain these assist in creating any essential sense and analysis or reasoning skill.
Professor (Dr) R.Ok.SINGH, Head Dept of Humanities & Social Sciences,.
Indian Faculty of Mines College, DHANBAD 826004, Jharkhand.