Indians have nice love and admiration for English language. That is, regardless of the onslaught by varied Governments in Unbiased India, giving significance to native languages. English academics are probably the most revered heaps among the many society. Every trainer has his approach in instructing English. The writer of this text, as a contract trainer to adults has some strategies to show Grammar. 9 of them are listed within the following paragraphs.

I. Components of Speech in comparison with Components of Human Physique:

The writer used to check the eight components of speech to a gorgeously dressed girl as follows:

1. Nouns and Pronouns: Head.

2 adjectives and adverbs: Clothes and ornaments.

3. Prepositions and conjunctions: Numerous joints of the physique.

4. Interjections: Footwear.

5. Verbs: The LIFE within the human physique…

Head is crucial a part of the bodily physique. Likewise nouns (and pronouns) kind the topic and object of a sentence and lead the sentences in lively and passive voices respectively. The topic noun is the Karta (doer, proprietor) of the sentence which it leads. & it determines the character of the verb relying on numbers (singular or plural),

Adjectives and adverbs are like ornaments and clothes including lustre and sweetness to a sentence. A garment shouldn’t be part of the bodily physique however required to glorify a sentence. An individual who is aware of the very best use of adjectives stands distinctive in writing and talking English. The issue with Indians lies primarily with utilization of adjectives. They want to converse spectacular English and more often than not they fail due to lack of vocabulary in adjectives and adverbs.

Prepositions and conjunctions are like inside joints, becoming a member of varied components and positioning them. The physique can’t perform correctly with out these joints. A sentence will likely be full solely when conjunctions and prepositions are correctly fashioned. In any other case one has to rely upon signal language solely.

Thus, now we have briefly seen a comparability of components of speech to components of human physique leaving discussions about VERBS to the next paragraphs.

II. Verbs Play the Important Function in Forming the Sentences:

This text primarily considers the function of verbs in English language. The verb formulates a whole sentence. Generally, it could be hidden. However with out a verb there isn’t any sentence. So, allow us to take into account some attention-grabbing facets of verbs on this temporary article.

Hidden Verbs:

There are three serving to verbs that are hidden in many of the occasions, often popping out. They’re ‘do’, ‘does’ and ‘did’.

Examples utilizing the serving to verb ‘do’:

‘I take my each day meals in inns’ implies that ‘I do take my each day meals in lodge. Right here the phrase ‘do’ is hidden. Not often it comes out within the open like ‘I do take my meals in inns’ solely once I want to stress that I take meals in inns emphasizing the very fact.

The next sentences could also be confused by separating ‘do’:

They (do) help poor college students.

I (do) full my homework in time.

You (do) watch sky each evening.

One other place the place ‘do’ involves open is when making it a query.

Do they help poor college students?

Do (not) I full my homework in time?

Do you watch sky each evening?

Examples’ utilizing the hidden verb ‘does’:

The verb does is used just for third individual singular topics,

My son (does) go to high school by 9 A.M.

She (does) sing very properly.

He (does) like sizzling espresso.

Right here additionally the phrase ‘does’ is separated from the primary verb for emphasising and for asking questions.

In the identical method the serving to verb ‘did’ is utilized in previous tense in all of the nouns. Readers could attempt a couple of sentences utilizing this previous tense serving to verb.

These easy examples got to drive house the purpose that in easy current tense and easy previous tense the serving to verbs ‘do’, ‘does’ and ‘did’ are hidden and in all different tenses, the serving to verbs precede the primary verbs. This means the truth that in English language all verbs are accompanied by serving to verbs. Examples of different serving to verbs are ‘could, can, will’ and so forth. Readers could check with any textual content e book and word that motion verbs are all the time preceded by a serving to verb or by a hidden verb as defined above.

This facet of English language could be very a lot recognised by English academics in India.

III. Use of ‘An’, Putting Resemblance in English and Tamil Pronunciations:

Indian college students are very a lot conscious that the article ‘an’ is for use earlier than any singular noun beginning with a vowel. They promptly reply {that a},e,i,o,u are the 5 vowels in English equal to 12 vowels in Tamil language. Some academics clarify that there’s one other alphabet which does the work of vowel and that letter is ‘y’. It’s because, mixed with alphabets the letter ‘y’ kinds consonants (like my, why, fitness center, rhyme and so forth).

What pursuits us extra is use of the article ‘an’. The rule is that, a singular noun beginning with a vowel is preceded by ‘an’. That’s true within the circumstances of a, e, i, o. However not so in ‘u’, as a result of it has two methods of pronunciation: first like ‘yu’ (United Nations) and the second as ‘a’ (American) in umbrella. When it’s true that an umbrella is true, the phrase ‘an helpful thought’ is unsuitable. (It’s a helpful thought)

It leads us to the conclusion that pronunciation is the criterion to pick out between ‘a’ and ‘an’ and never the syllable and that’s the reason it’s pronounced ‘an hour, an trustworthy man’ and so forth (as a result of ‘h’ is silent)

In different phrases, at any time when a singular noun begins with the sound of a Tamil vowel. We must always use ‘an’. It’s because all of the 12 vowels of Tamil language will be contained within the pronunciation of Four vowels a, e, i, o of English language.

This reality could be very a lot appreciated by English academics who converse Tamil and Tamil college students who study English are pleasantly stunned over this placing similarity.

IV: Genders: Similarity between Tamil and English

There may be one other placing similarity between Tamil and English in formation of nouns representing genders. In Tamil there are two broad classes. The primary is ‘greater’ class and the second is ‘decrease’ class. The upper class is additional divided into two as masculine and female genders. There isn’t a gender for the decrease class. The identical system is adopted in English additionally. There are masculine, female and neuter genders (neither masculine nor female). In different phrases, in each the languages, gender is mounted just for residing beings relying on the intercourse and inanimate beings are solely neuter genders (save distinctive circumstances like Motherland and so forth). It isn’t so within the case of many of the languages like French, Sanskrit, Urdu, Hindi and so forth.whereby Gender is mounted for inanimate objects additionally relying upon the pronunciation. This can be a one cause why Indians choose studying English to different languages.

V. Silent letters:

There are a number of attention-grabbing facets in English instructing admired by native Indian, particularly Tamil talking academics. Usually an Indian scholar begins studying English from the tender age of three. Therefore the grammar guidelines are very deeply inscribed in them. One such rule college students study from the start of faculty days is ‘Silent letters’ in some English phrases. Each the academics and the scholars derive lot of delight in finding the silent letters because the case could also be.

Some examples of phrases with silent letters are: Apostle, coup, corps, Wednesday, handkerchief, pay attention, citadel, and whistle.

Readers could acquire any variety of phrases with silent letters as a interest.

VI. Topic, predicate, object in comparison with an electrical locomotive prepare:

The topic of any sentence is in comparison with the ENGINE of a locomotive and your complete predicate kinds the carriages hooked up to the engine. The article is in comparison with the guard van which is the final compartment of the prepare.

This instance is used to elucidate lively and passive voices. In lively voice the topic (engine) carries your complete prepare whereas in passive voice, the guard van turns into the engine and carries the wagon (like a neighborhood prepare which reverses its sides within the terminus). Conversion of object into topic is defined utilizing varied examples. In passive voice the item of the lively is transformed as the topic and the topic is transformed as adjective phrase

E.g.: The newspapers flashed the information: Energetic

The information was flashed by the newspapers: Passive)

‘The information’ is the item in lively kind and it turns into the engine in passive kind and ‘flashed by the newspapers’ is an adjective phrase in passive kinds. Dozens of sentences of this sort are defined to the scholars to impress upon them how passive voice is a crucial approach in English language to kind extra emphatic and spectacular sentences than lively voice.

The time period ‘adjective phrase’ requires additional clarification. The phrase ‘flashed’ shouldn’t be previous tense however it’s a previous participle. Previous Participles are utilized in all good tenses and passive voice sentences. Generally they kind the sentences independently (topic and verbs hidden) like: killed, handed, liberated and so forth. These types of sentences are utilized in Newspaper headings, telegrams, sports activities and so forth. “Bowled’, ‘caught’ are the 2 very well-known slogans in cricket, which means that any person is caught or bowled out.

VII. Makes use of of Participles:

The idea that previous participles are adjectives leads us to a different necessary conclusion. In actual fact there are three participles: Current, previous and excellent. Current participles are derived by including ‘ing’ to a verb. Added with an auxiliary verb it does the work of forming a steady tense. & secondly it does the work of adjectives like: ingesting water, writing desk, swimming pool, dancing lady and so forth. The third work is that they do the work of nouns that are named as ‘gerunds’. Examples are: Smoking is injurious to well being, Swimming is nice for well being, seeing is believing and so forth.

Good participle is including, ‘having’ with the previous participle.

Having come to India, I want to see Tajmahal. Having seen the movie as soon as, I don’t want to see it once more.

VIII. ‘Frozen’ VERBS and ‘Melted’ NOUNS:

The writer is glad to submit these two ideas which can be new for a few of the readers. We all know that the primary perform of a verb is to convey the tense by which an motion takes place which no different a part of speech does. That’s the reason verbs are outlined because the ‘life’ of a sentence within the sense that verbs preserve the time of motion felt. College college students study current and previous tenses of a verb and usually one other kind often called previous participle is given. (E.g.: do-did-done). The third kind doesn’t characterize any tense however they’re adjectives. Within the above paragraph, it was defined how they carry out the perform of adjectives and the way do they kind the sentences independently.

One other use of previous participle is that the verbs grow to be NOUNS within the type of previous participles. That’s what the writer describes as ‘frozen’ verbs as a result of they not characterize tenses. Let a couple of examples be given as follows:

dig, drink, set, shake, slit, stand, strike, hit, go away, goal, act, conflict, carry, allow, report, comb,

award, assist, pay, reply, ban, cheat, deposit, digest, management, curse and so forth.

These verbs present varied tenses when used with acceptable serving to verbs, perform as adjectives and as well as, they act as nouns additionally. It could be famous that the above are nouns although their root kind are verbs. In different phrases they’re frozen to grow to be nouns.

When verbs are frozen to make nouns as above, some nouns are ‘melted’ to make verbs. Please word the next sentences:

The homicide convict was ‘sentenced’ to life imprisonment. (Sentence)

The gangster was knifed to dying. (Knife)

He penned a letter to his girlfriend. (Pen)

A number of heads have been guillotined. (Guillotine)

It’s a doctored report. (Physician)

He engineered a grasp plan to usurp the wealth. (Engineer)

The additional cautious father policed his daughter’s motion. (Police)

Readers can establish a whole bunch of nouns fashioned out of verbs often called good nouns and in addition verbs made up of nouns as above. Utilization of such nouns and verbs will add lustre to the fantastic thing about the language used.

IX. Origin and root of phrases:

One other most helpful train for English learners is to go deep into origin of any phrase together with its root, spellings and so forth together with equal phrases. For this goal, a learner ought to all the time possess a dictionary, thesaurus and encyclopaedia. The coed ought to all the time refer the above until he’s totally confirmed a couple of phrase’s utilization.

It’s a very helpful and attention-grabbing train to seek out out the origin of English phrase, generally from different languages too. A only a few examples are given right here beneath:

addenda, agenda, alma mater, de facto, errata,ibidem, ipso facto, prima facie are a few of the phrases borrowed from Latin and Greek,

Adieu, chauffeur, coup, elite, octroi are from French.

There are some Sanskrit and Tamil phrases additionally transformed as good English. Will probably be a fruitful train to undergo a dictionary to seek out out such phrases.

Likewise, English has blended in India to such an extent that even essentially the most illiterate individuals use pure English phrases completely forgetting unique native equal phrases. In Indian bus stands, it will likely be a standard sight to see rustic women promoting, ‘distilled water, seedless fruits, sugarless tea’ shouting the identical phrases. For many of the English phrases, they have no idea vernacular equivalents.

Different helpful workouts urged by this writer are to undergo the newspapers commonly and in addition watch English channels. It must be adopted by noting unknown phrases and consulting dictionary to know the meanings. Solely this train will enhance the vocabulary and it’s a everlasting asset for a learner.


This text is a condensation of an Indian trainer who teaches English as grownup training. Sure important facets of grammar with particular reference to numerous components of speech have been defined. It was insisted to check with the dictionary on all of the events. Little doubt, the article offers with primary grammar solely, however a robust base is required to assemble a robust constructing. We could possibly see extra superior subjects in days to come back.

It’s sincerely hoped that readers will certainly share the pleasure which the trainer loved in instructing Primary English grammar.

Source by Bhimarao Sathyanarayanan


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