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The first coup in Nigeria isn’t any information to the Nigerian citizen. Deliberate by a gaggle of military officers, it was a revolutionary coup carried out with the only purpose of curbing corruption within the nation. The coup was initially deliberate by officers who have been fully dissatisfied with governmental proceedings. These military officers embrace; Kaduna Nzeogwu, Emmanuel Ifeajuna, Adewale Ademoyega, Donatus Okafor and Main Anuforo. Sadly, betrayal set in on the H-hour, and the revolutionary coup was hijacked by their senior colleagues, thus rendering the unique coup unsuccessful.

Societal proceedings through the first republic, have been nothing to jot down dwelling about. The first republic was characterised by corruption, nepotism, tribalism, greed, and so forth. The environment was fairly chaotic. One thing which defies all rules, wanted to be executed to stop the nation from imploding. The nation wanted severe cleaning. Therefore, at the moment, a radical revolution appears the one believable resolution. It was because of this that the primary Nigerian coup of 15th January 1966, was organized.

Concurrently, through the first republic, Main Kaduna Nzeogwu, Emmanuel Ifeajuna, and Adewale Ademoyega (who was a brand new recruit), met one another on the Queen’s Personal Nigerian Regiment (QONR), because the Nigerian Military was known as in 1963. Nevertheless, Lieutenant Ifeajuna had entered the black ebook of Uche Chukwumerije (a brand new military recruit). They each knew one another of their faculty days on the College. In response to Uche, again of their faculty days, Ifeajuna abandoned their group on the H-hour throughout a deliberate protest. Sadly, this similar angle of Ifeajuna will finally turn into evident, at a important turning level in Nigeria’s historical past.

At this juncture, this text shall connect the best significance to the introduction of the three principal coup planners. To start with, Main Patrick Chukwuma Kaduna Nzeogwu was a Sandhurst-trained army officer, who finally turned the primary Nigerian to be skilled in army intelligence. Lieutenant Emmanuel Ifeajuna was a graduate of science from the College of Ibadan (UI), and in addition the winner of a Gold medal on the Commonwealth Video games in Canada, 1954. Alternatively, Lieutenant Adewale Ademoyega was additionally a Sandhurst-trained officer, and was finally enlisted into the military in 1961.

On attending to know of one another’s mutual existence, the trio steadily started to plan a revolutionary coup that may purge Nigeria of all societal ills. The trio determined to enlist different officers together with; Donatus Okafor, Lieutenant Adekunle Fajuyi, Main Anuforo, Captain Olusegun Obasanjo, Christian Madiebo and a rank of different officers. Nzeogwu and another officers, have been stationed to take over the Northern a part of Nigeria. Alternatively, Ifeajuna, Ademoyega, Okafor, and others, have been stationed to take over the South. Their purpose within the coup was to arrest all political leaders, but when any ought to resist arrest, they’re to be shot at will. Sadly, Obasanjo was unavailable for the coup resulting from a army course in India. To atone for this, he, Obasanjo, pledged his loyalty and assist for the coup.

The trio had already plan to kind a brand new authorities, if the coup turned profitable. That they had additionally plan to eradicate the Regional system, and divide the Nation into fourteen States. In actual fact, that they had already spoken with loyal officers who would turn into Navy Governors. Additionally, that they had plan to undertake a socialist type of authorities, and a collective possession of products and providers. The schooling sector was not overlooked additionally. The trio expressed their grievances in direction of the tutorial system in Nigeria. In response to them, “the tutorial system in Nigeria was an hopeless enterprise that made everyone a shopper of overseas merchandise and a zombie of present-day expertise”. It’s actually fairly shameful {that a} College Professor of Mechanical Engineering couldn’t service his personal automobile. All these and extra, made up the type of societal proceedings that the coup plotters had deliberate for. Sadly, this plan didn’t see the sunshine of day.

Whereas Main Nzeogwu recorded an enormous success in taking up the north owing to sufficient preparation like; ” Train Damissa”, there have been nonetheless problems within the south. Main Donatus Okafor whom had the job of arresting The Normal Officer Commanding (GOC) of the Military, Normal J.T Aguiyi Ironsi, had failed. Normal Ironsi had escaped from him and commenced to summon different troops to mount a defence. At this level, Majors Ifeajuna and Okafor fled, leaving solely Majors Ademoyega and Anufolo within the South. It was at this level that the cowardly character of Ifeajuna, hinted at by his schoolmate Uche Chukwumerije, turned evident. Finally each Ademoyega and Anuforo went again to Nzeogwu within the north, and the South fell completely beneath the management of Normal Ironsi. Right here, the coup steadily started to fail.

The coup was nonetheless redeemable beneath main Nzeogwu who was already planning an assault on Ironsi within the south. In actual fact, he had even made a public broadcast to the Nation; “… Our enemies are the political profiteers, the swindlers, the lads in excessive and low locations that search bribe and demand ten %; people who search to maintain the Nation divided completely, to allow them to stay in workplace as ministers or VIPs a minimum of… ” However that plan was shattered when Christian Madiebo, a detailed good friend of Nzeogwu, suggested him to desert the plan and give up to Ironsi within the South. Little did he know that his shut good friend, Madiebo, was easy the mouthpiece of Normal Ironsi, and had secretly been involved with him. Finally, Nzeogwu bowed to the forces of betrayal, and surrendered himself to Ironsi. Moments later, Nzeogwu was arrested. It was at this level that the revolutionary coup, bent on revitalizing the Nigerian society, breathe it final breath.

On a closing be aware, it’s crystal clear that whereas Nzeogwu upheld the pleasure of the revolution until the final finish, the opposite coup planners grew chilly ft on the H-Hour of the coup. The different officers have been merely cowards who didn’t foresee the necessity for a army revolution in a ill-stricken society. Similar to Dr. Fidel Castro’s revolution in Cuba, the trio’s revolutionary coup would have cleansed the Nation fully. However the forces of betrayal prevailed, thus rendering the revolution unsuccessful. Main Nzeogwu was proper to have mentioned, “we have been 5 in quantity and initially we knew fairly nicely what we have been to do… he (Ifeajuna) and the others, allow us to down”. Therefore, the revolutionary coup of 15th January 1966, failed for one single purpose; betrayal.

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Source by Wale Giwa

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